Thanks to its ease of deployment and relatively low cost compared to fiber, microwave remains a widely used technology for transport, especially for mobile backhaul application. The introduction of 5G, Internet of Things and Cloud will lead to a tremendous increase in the volume of data traffic. In order to cope and deliver the requested capacity, new concepts and approaches are needed. The combination of several frequencies with different physical properties will be one path explored by the industry actors.
This webinar explains the concepts of Carrier aggregation in microwave and millimeter waves, illustrates the benefits and describes the challenges for next steps.
According to a 2014 Infonetics survey, 45% of mobile operators plan to deploy remote radio heads (RRHs) as an alternative or complement to small cells, to create denser coverage and capacity on their networks. But connecting a group of RRHs to a stack of baseband units, usually deployed in a CO, has specific challenges. This webinar examines the requirements for RRH and for extending it to full Cloud-RAN (or C-RAN) topologies, and also discusses considerations for integrating fronthaul connectivity into the backhaul network.
Key Topics for Discussion:
- C-RAN: Definitions and drivers
- The challenges of Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) transport: Network planning and performance criteria
- Fronthaul: Architectures, testing connectivity, and integrating into the transport network
- Answers to audience questions during live Q&A
Ensuring a successful centralization strategy for the Radio Access Network requires many inter-related factors to be taken into account. This webinar will cover:
-the different architectural options available when centralizing RAN
-how latency & capacity of the backhaul network impact RAN performance
-optimising the overall cost-efficiency of the system
The atomic force microscope (AFM) has played an essential role in 2D materials research since it was used to confirm the first isolation of graphene. Today’s AFMs are even more powerful, with higher spatial resolution, faster imaging rates, greater environmental control and enhanced modes for mapping physical properties. They can image crystal lattice structure as well as nanoscale morphology, and sense local electrical, mechanical and functional response in more ways than ever before.
In this webinar we explore the latest AFM tools that enable higher resolution, sensitivity and more quantitative results for analysing 2D materials. We’ll present results from measurements of a variety of 2D materials for device manufacturing, energy storage and optoelectronics including:
• MoS2 and graphene;
• measurements of mechanical properties;
• kelvin probe imaging (KPFM) of operating transistors;
• electromechanical measurements.
We specifically detail AFM modes including:
• conductive AFM;
• piezoresponse imaging;
• scanning microwave impedance imaging (sMIM).
Finally, we discuss how AFM can now be used to accurately determine the thickness of single or multiple layers of a 2D material. This will challenge the misconception that AFM cannot be used to precisely measure the thickness of 2D materials.
Strategies to raise the value of and preserve LMDS and 39 GHz licenses - Presented by XO and Widelity
The FCC currently allows access to Common Carrier microwave spectrum at nearly no cost. This pales in comparison to the cost of LMDS licenses that were distributed via auction. XO believes this policy not only lowers the value of these investments, but also creates inefficiencies in the microwave bands.
XO is urging the federal government to modernize the microwave spectrum bands to make certain these assets are being properly valued as broadband is deployed throughout the country. XO will review its position on its efforts to ensure market forces are in play whether through an auction – similar to what LMDS license holders had to participate in to win licenses – or the application of fees that will dissuade warehousing of spectrum and increase the value of licensed spectrum.
Widelity works with license holders to help them meet their substantial service requirements. Many license holders received extensions in 2008 and now must now make substantial service showings by June 1, 2012. Widelity will cover the options license holders have to meet the substantial service requirements by deploying services or constructing facilities that meet the FCC's “safe harbor provisions.” Widelity will also review equipment and deployment strategies.
Lisa R. Youngers, VP, Federal Affairs, XO Communications
Lisa is responsible for all federal policy, regulatory, and legislative matters affecting XO’s interests before the FCC, Congress, and all levels of executive administration including regulatory and legislative strategy.
Patrick Thompson, Dir. of Leg. Affairs, XO Communications
Patrick has over 12 years of congressional experience; including time in the U.S. Senate and House and now corporate America.
Michael Lasky, Principal, Widelity
Mr. Lasky has over 25 years of business management and consulting experience in the technology and communications industries.
The buzz phrase du jour, the ‘Internet of Things’, – AKA the “Internet of Everything” – refers to a myriad of everyday devices which are being connected to the Internet, each with its own IP address. The IoT will comprise large numbers of such low-cost “smart” devices, up to 26 billion by 2020, according Gartner. They range from “smart” watches (Hi Apple!) to microwaves, and heart monitors to “smart” power grids.
Predictably, the hype about the future benefits is in full force. And, yes, some of these benefits may actually happen. However, based on past disruptive trends, we can be certain that: (1) hackers, crackers, and attackers will not be slow to spot new opportunities for badware; (2) the IoT will generate gigantic amounts of data at very high velocity, with associated privacy concerns, and (3) boring stuff like updates and patches are going to be tough to do.
The question, “What Can Possibly Go Wrong?”, must temper out enthusiasm for this immersive new environment so that we can avoid some of the security disasters of the past, particularly in sensitive industries, like healthcare and nationwide utility grids. This session will review the IoT from the viewpoint of cybersecurity and data privacy and develop some guidelines for the pragmatic and cautious user.