Characterisation of Host-Cell Proteins using Mass Spectrometry Enables Effective

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Presented by

Dr Li Zang, Dr Chongfeng Xu and Dr Stephen Tate

About this talk

Common mammalian cell lines used for biopharmaceutical production include Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO), NS0 and Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK) cells. Each of these cell lines has been found with over 20,000 genes coded in their genome, which can result in over 10,000 proteins expressed at the same time in these cells. These proteins can be secreted from the living host cells or released to the cell culture supernatant upon lysis of the host cells during the cell culture. Biopharmaceuticals produced using these cell lines can be co-purified with a subset of the host-cell proteins (HCPs) in the cell culture supernatant. These co-purified HCPs are considered process-related impurities for biopharmaceuticals. The HCPs can cause potential safety risks by introducing anti-HCP response in the patients. Depending on the biological functions of the residual HCPs, other potential impacts reported include lowering the biopharmaceutical protein stability and affecting the efficacy of the biopharmaceutical protein by exacerbating the symptoms.

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