Robocars will make life better and more efficient. But autonomous vehicles (AVs) that do everything drivers can do are still years or even decades away. And since operation with nobody in the car is critical for economic viability, we need a way to help the AV with “corner cases”. The best way to enable AVs sooner is to use human operators to suggest strategies when the vehicle gets stuck. That requires vehicle fleets to have control rooms. This session will examine the potential and challenge of practical teleoperation, including combining assistance strategies, control-center design, cloud computing, and 5G connectivity. It will also consider the architecture required to connect in-vehicle control and remote oversight. These systems should not be designed independently. AVs need a consistent architecture for the vehicle, control center, and cloud.